n some countries, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. In a few of the poorest－Niger, Mali and th
e Democratic Republic of Congo－the rate is 6-7 children per woman. The resulting flood of new ent
rants to the labor market is far outstripping the number of jobs available.
No known growth model can accommodate or keep up with this k
ind of demographic surge. Even sustained economic growth of around 7 percent per year
won’t be enough. And although fertility tends to decline as incomes rise, that does not happen immediately. Em
powering women, therefore, may be the most effective way of starting to address the challenge.